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Suggested Reading List

Note: This is not an exhaustive list, but simply a list that we relied on based on a number of factors. Most of these references are linked to the source. But many of the files cannot be accessed from the publisher without purchase. Please follow the directions at the publisher website to gain access or consult your library.

Adam, B. D. (1981). “Stigma and employ ability: discrimination by sex and sexual orientation in the Ontario legal profession*.” Canadian Review of Sociology/Revue canadienne de sociologie 18(2): 216-221.

Aronson, J., M. J. Lustina, C. Good, K. Keough, C. M. Steele and J. Brown (1999). “When White Men Can’t Do Math: Necessary and Sufficient Factors in Stereotype Threat.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 35(1): 29-46.

Baron, A. S. and M. R. Banaji (2006). “The development of implicit attitudes. Evidence of race evaluations from ages 6 and 10 and adulthood.” Psychol Sci 17(1): 53-58.

Bertrand, M. and S. Mullainathan (2003). “Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination.” American Economic Review 94(1): 991-1013.

Blanchard, K. and S. Blanchard (2013). “6 Steps For Successfully Bringing Change To Your Company.” Leadership Now.

BONILLA – SILVA, E. and T. A. FORMAN (2000). “I Am Not a Racist But…‚ Mapping White College Students’ Racial Ideology in the USA.” Discourse & Society 11(1): 50-85.

Budden, A. E., T. Tregenza, L. W. Aarssen, J. Koricheva, R. Leimu and C. J. Lortie (2008). “Double-blind review favours increased representation of female authors.” Trends in ecology & evolution (Personal edition) 23(1): 4-6.

Carrel, S. E., M. E. Page and J. E. West (2009). “Sex and Science: How Professor Gender Perpetuates the Gender Gap.” National Bureau of Economic Research Working Paper Series 14959.

Cleveland, J. N., R. M. Festa and L. Montgomery (1988). “Applicant pool composition and job perceptions: Impact on decisions regarding an older applicant.” Journal of Vocational Behavior 32(1): 112-125.

Devine, P. G. (1989). “Stereotypes and prejudice: Their automatic and controlled components.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 56(1): 5-18.

Dovidio, J. F. and S. L. Gaertner (2000). “Aversive Racism and Selection Decisions: 1989 and 1999.” Psychological Science 11(4): 315-319.

Ely, R. J. and D. A. Thomas (2001). “Cultural Diversity at Work: The Effects of Diversity Perspectives on Work Group Processes and Outcomes.” Administrative Science Quarterly 46(2): 229-273.

Fiske, S. T. (2002). “What We Know Now About Bias and Intergroup Conflict, the Problem of the Century.” Current Directions in Psychological Science 11(4): 123-128.

Fiske, S. T., A. J. C. Cuddy, P. Glick and J. Xu (2002). “A model of (often mixed) stereotype content: Competence and warmth respectively follow from perceived status and competition.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 82(6): 878-902.

Gannon, F., S. Quirk and S. Guest (2001). “Searching for discrimination. Are women treated fairly in the EMBO postdoctoral fellowship scheme?” EMBO Rep 2(8): 651-655.

GAO (1994). Reforms Needed to Ensure Fairness in Federal Agency Grant Selection.

Ginther, D. K., W. T. Schaffer, J. Schnell, B. Masimore, F. Liu, L. L. Haak and R. Kington (2011). “Race, ethnicity, and NIH research awards.” Science 333(6045): 1015-1019.

Goldin and Rouse (2000). “Orchestrating Impartiality.” The American Economic Review 90(4): 715-741.

Hale, G. and T. Regev (2011). “Gender Ratios at Top PhD Programs in Economics.” Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco Working Paper Series 2011-9.

Heilman, M. E. (1980). “The impact of situational factors on personnel decisions concerning women: Varying the sex composition of the applicant pool.” Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 26(3): 386-395.

Knowles, E. D., B. S. Lowery, C. M. Hogan and R. M. Chow (2009). “On the malleability of ideology: Motivated construals of color blindness.” Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 96(4): 857-869.

Kulis, S., Y. Chong and H. Shaw (1999). “DISCRIMINATORY ORGANIZATIONAL CONTEXTS AND BLACK SCIENTISTS ON POSTSECONDARY FACULTIES.” Research in Higher Education 40(2): 115-148.

Lincoln, A. E., S. Pincus, J. B. Koster and P. S. Leboy (2012). “The Matilda Effect in science: Awards and prizes in the US, 1990s and 2000s.” Social Studies of Science 42(2): 307-320.

Long, J. S. (2001). Scarcity to Visibility: Gender Differences in the Careers of Doctoral Scientists and Engineers. Washington DC, National Academies Press.

Mervis, J. (2005). “A Glass Ceiling for Asian Scientists?” Science 310(5748): 606-607.

Moss-Racusin, C. A., J. F. Dovidio, V. L. Brescoll, M. J. Graham and J. Handelsman (2012). “Science faculty’s subtle gender biases favor male students.” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 109(41): 16474-16479.

Nelson, D. J. and D. C. Rogers (2003). A National Analysis of Diversity in Science and Engineering Faculties at Research Universities.

Norton, M. I., S. R. Sommers, E. P. Apfelbaum, N. Pura and D. Ariely (2006). “Color Blindness and Interracial Interaction: Playing the Political Correctness Game.” Psychological Science 17(11): 949-953.

Nosek, B. A., M. Banaji and A. G. Greenwald (2002). “Harvesting implicit group attitudes and beliefs from a demonstration web site.” Group Dynamics: Theory, Research, and Practice 6(1): 101-115.

Rosser, S. V. (2008). Building Two-Way Streets to Implement Policies that work for Gender and Science. Gendered Innovations in Science and Engineering. L. Schiebinger: 182-197.

Sackett, P. R., C. L. DuBois and A. W. Noe (1991). “Tokenism in performance evaluation: The effects of work group representation on male-female and White-Black differences in performance ratings.” Journal of Applied Psychology 76(2): 263-267.

Shaw, A. K. and D. E. Stanton (2012). “Leaks in the pipeline: separating demographic inertia from ongoing gender differences in academia.” Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences 279(1743): 3736-3741.

Sommers, S. R. (2006). “On racial diversity and group decision making: identifying multiple effects of racial composition on jury deliberations.” J Pers Soc Psychol 90(4): 597-612.

Steele, C. M. (1997). “A threat in the air: How stereotypes shape intellectual identity and performance.” American Psychologist 52: 613-629.

Steinpreis, R., K. Anders and D. Ritzke (1999). “The Impact of Gender on the Review of the Curricula Vitae of Job Applicants and Tenure Candidates: A National Empirical Study.” Sex Roles 41(7-8): 509-528.

Temm, T. B. (2008). If You Meet the Expectations of Women, You Exceed the Expectations of Men. Gendered Innovations in Science and Engineering. L. Schiebinger: 131-149.

Tilcsik, A. s. (2011). “Pride and Prejudice: Employment Discrimination against Openly Gay Men in the United States.” American Journal of Sociology 117(2): 586-626.

TRIX, F. and C. PSENKA (2003). “Exploring the Color of Glass: Letters of Recommendation for Female and Male Medical Faculty.” Discourse & Society 14(2): 191-220.

Valian, V. (1998). Why So Slow? The Advancement of Women. Cambridge, MA, MIT Press.

Valian, V. (2013). “Tutorials for Change: Gender Schemas and Science Careers.”   Retrieved 10/14/13, from

Weichselbaumer, D. (2003). “Sexual orientation discrimination in hiring.” Labour Economics 10(6): 629-642.

Wenneras, C. and A. Wold (1997). “Nepotism and sexism in peer-review.” Nature 387(6631): 341-343.



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